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Laws and Regulations

SourceEnvironmental Protection AdministrationPosted2019/09/24Updated2022/08/13

In Taiwan, the transboundary movement of industrial wastes is governed by Article 38 of the Waste Disposal Act. The Management Regulations for the Import and Export of Industrial Waste provides detailed implementation rules including application documents required for an import/ export permit. As for wastes meeting the requirements contained in the Industrial Wastes Required as Raw Materials for Industrial Use, no import/ export permit is required. To save and protect Taiwan’s environment, certain types of wastes are banned from importation including hazardous wastes, wastes collected from households and residues arising from the incineration of household wastes.

According to Article 38 of the Waste Disposal Act, the import, export, transit and transshipment of industrial waste may commence only after receipt of permission granted by the local competent authority; for hazardous industrial waste, additional approval from the central competent authority is necessary. However, wastes that are officially categorized as industrial raw material are not subject to this provision. 

Hazardous industrial waste shall give priority to domestic treatment and recycling and can only be exported to member countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, or countries which signed bilateral agreement with the Republic of China for transboundary movement of hazardous industrial waste in accordance with international convention. The waste disposal organizations of the state of import shall be capable of performing follow-up treatment and recycling in environmentally sound manner.

Industrial waste shall be banned from importation if one of the following circumstances applies; the category shall be determined by the central competent authority after consultation with the central industry competent authority.

  1. Evidence exists that the waste will severely endanger human health or the living environment.
  2. No appropriate treatment technology and equipment is domestically available for the waste.
  3. The waste is to be directly solidified, landfilled, incinerated or disposed of at sea.
  4. The waste cannot be properly disposed of domestically.
  5. The waste is an obstruction to domestic waste management.

The import, export, transit or transshipment of general waste that is subject to the international conventions, such as the Basel Convention, may be performed pursuant to the preceding paragraphs.

Figure 5 Framework of Waste Disposal Act Article 38

Figure 5 Framework of Waste Disposal Act Article 38

Attachments

20181004 Industrial Wastes Required as Raw Materials for Industrial Use.pdf.pdf

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20141205 Types of Industrial and General Wastes Banned from Importation.pdf.pdf

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